Badespass im Pool der Tamina Therme

Effects

The Ragazer thermal water has various beneficial effects: for the body, immersion in the water means immersion in a transformed physical world. The water pressure, the buoyancy, the water density and the thermal conditions together with the chemical properties give the water its thermal, healing qualities. After bathing, the skin has a silky-soft feel. Moreover, bathing aids revitalisation, relaxes muscles, strengthens the body’s immune system and stimulates the blood circulation.

The body-temperature thermal water helps to alleviate:

  • rheumatic and mechanical complaints
  • metabolic disorders
  • diseases of the musculoskeletal system
  • neurological complaints

Cold and warm water grotto 17 / 39° C

Effect on our bodies

Exposure to thermal stimuli helps train vascular response and blood flow. A cold stimulus causes the vessels to contract and a warm stimulus causes them to dilate once again. Warming or cooling tissue increases the rate of metabolic processes as well as causes hormonal responses.

A useful complement in the healing of

Varicose veins, swellings (liquid in tissue with outflow obstruction), regulatory dysfunctions of the circulatory system, excessive sweating of the feet and infections. Resilient cardiovascular regulation is a prerequisite.

With which diseases should bathing be avoided?

Irritable bladder, urinary tract infections, fever, inflammation of internal organs, uncompensated cardiovascular diseases, heart disease with elevated vascular resistance in the pulmonary circulation or high blood pressure with severe organ damage.

The procedure

First immerse the body for around 15 seconds to 1 minute in the cold water grotto (17°C) followed by around 1 to 3 minutes in the warm water grotto (39°C). The treatment may be repeated ca. 2 to 3 times, alternating between cold and hot. Only undertake cold treatments at normal body temperature.

Precautionary measures

As a result of the heavy burden placed on the circulation due to the disturbance of the body’s heat balance, you may feel faint or light-headed. If you think you may be about to pass out, crouch down immediately to avoid a fall. If you have no previous experience with alternating baths, it is advisable to begin with the warm water bath and then continue with a brief cold water bath. The body may lose significant quantities of heat during extended cold treatments. Excessive cooling should therefore be avoided (risk of colds). Both the cold and the warm stimuli should be kept short since overheating may place a stress on the circulatory system.

Well worth knowing

The cold stress should be borne without trembling and practised. Step down briskly into the bath in order to stimulate spontaneous thermal counter reactions in the body. Because the vessels dilate, when you repeat the sequence, the cold stimulation will seem to be less intense than at the start. Nevertheless, excessive cooling should be avoided. After the cold treatment, the skin appears to be slightly flushed due to the circulatory response and a feeling of warmth is experienced. Pale or mottled skin is a sign of inadequate response capacity or insufficiently long cold/heat exposure. Because the body warms up slowly in the morning and cools down in the evening and night, it is less well able to tolerate cold in the morning and heat in the afternoon.

Attraction pool 34° C, outdoor pool 34°C

Effect on our bodies

The warmth has a beneficial effect on the musculoskeletal system and the ability to relax. At this comfort temperature, the body does not need to produce heat nor to give off excess heat. The body temperature thus remains constant.

A useful complement in the healing of

Joint and spinal disorders, posture and movement disorders, rehabilitation following surgery to the locomotor system, regulatory dysfunctions of the cardiovascular system, disorders of the vegetative-hormonal system.

With which diseases should bathing be avoided?

Severe cardiac insufficiency (NYHA class IV), very high blood pressure (RR>180/110) and severe difficulty in breathing.

The procedure

The peak level of hormonally induced response is reached after 45 minutes (recommended minimum session time). We recommend dynamic movement exercises in the thermoneutral environment at 34.5° C. A particularly relaxing effect is obtained from the feeling of weightlessness when floating on the surface of the thermal spa water. The jets in the attraction pool may be used for underwater hydromassage, which serves to stimulate the tissue metabolism . The nozzle-skin distance should be adjusted according to the desired depth effect. A pressure of 0.5 to 1.5 atmospheres is recommended. The hydromassage helps with tight muscles as well as with limited joint mobility.

Precautionary measures

An extended stay in the spa water calls for an adequate supply of liquids due to the urge to urinate (ideally thermal spa water).

Exercise pool (indoor sports pool) 32° C

Effect on our bodies

The essential advantage of exercise in water lies in the carefully targeted tensioning and relaxing of the postural and locomotor system especially for those who are overweight or are suffering from neurological diseases. In view of the proven connection between pain, muscle tension and wellbeing, the effect of the warmer water (32°C) over normal swimming pool temperatures (26 – 28°C) is employed as an additional beneficial factor. The latest findings indicate that the water environment promotes the excretion of heart hormones which boost fat burning.

Therapeutic effect

Guidance resistance and pressure relief enable exercise to be carried out painlessly in water. Exercise alleviates pain and wards off diseases. Moreover, exercise is the basis for training the lungs, the circulatory organs and blood.

What are the benefits of training in water?

  • Pain relief, not heat-induced, but capable of being increased thereby
  • 90 % reduction in joint stress enables metabolic training to be carried out by persons with musculoskeletal problems
  • Muscle stimulation o No risk of falls or need of measures to prevent falls
  • Ideal vein function through external compression o Increased blood flow, arterial, arteriolar, by 30 %
  • Tissue drainage, except in cases of coronary insufficiency
  • Lower blood pressure rise
  • Lower lactic acid production for the same effort
  • Respiratory muscle training while facilitating expiration
  • A boost for the psyche
  • Pelvic floor muscle training always incorporated
  • Mechanotherapy involving skin and subcutaneous tissue down to musculature

With which diseases should bathing be avoided?

Severe coronary insufficiency.

The procedure

An extensive range of exercises such as Aqua Fitness, Aqua Cycling and Aqua Power can be found in the course programme. The use of water resistance as a braking factor is ideally suited for carrying out exercises to prevent falls. The use of water resistance means force against the direction of movement – providing the preconditions for strengthening exercises in the water (ideally with surface area enlargement at the hands and feet or buoyancy aids)

Precautionary measures

Swimmers with cardiac insufficiency should be able to achieve a minimum performance of 100 watts on the ergometer. 70 watts is sufficient for paced water exercise. If you have elevated blood pressure that is controlled by medicines, there is no objection to water activities; on the contrary, the exercise pool is expressly recommended for the regulation and normalisation of blood pressure. For persons with breathing problems, spending time in the water represents a complementary, specific respiratory muscle training (especially in the case of all obstructive forms such as bronchial asthma). Caution is however advised if you have restricted breathing (prior medical consultation in the case of severe breathing problems). Persons with a hyper-reactive bronchial system will appreciate the fact that the water treatment system in the Tamina Therme uses the least possible amount of chlorine.

Well worth knowing

During endurance training in water, the training intensity may be determined by measuring the heart rate. The training heart rate recommended for land may be used for a thermo-indifferent water temperature (30 – 32°C). At low swimming pool temperatures, the training heart rate settles at a comparatively lower level due to the increased tension in the walls of the arteries and veins. When swimming, the heart rate should also be set at a lower level because the largest proportion of the work is carried out by the arms.

Whirlpools indoor & outdoor area 36.5 / 34°C

Effect on our bodies

The heat transfer is more intense due to the convective heat flow. The rapid increase in cutaneous perfusion is noticeable as a marked sensation of warmth. The effervescent air bubbles keep the sensory hairs in constant movement leading to a mechanical stimulation of nerve ends. This senso-physiological perception and the associated deep breathing (marked blood pressure fluctuations) stimulate the autonomic nervous system, inhibiting pain.

Therapeutic effect

Hot whirlpools improve the metabolic parameters of diabetics. Spending time in a whirlpool leads to a reduction in blood pressure. The number of germs on slow-healing wounds is reduced.

Precautionary measures

Identical to those for a normal full bath.

Well worth knowing

34°C (outdoor area): stimulating, refreshing and energising effect, regenerative effect on muscle soreness. 37°C (indoor area): relaxing, calming, sleep-inducing effect (vagotonia).

Sauna- and steam baths

Effect on our bodies

The generation of heat causes dilation of the vessels and a redistribution of the blood takes place in the capillary system. Moreover, the cardiovascular circulation is activated and the supply of oxygen, nutrients and antibodies increased. The rising body temperature results in a build-up of heat that acts on the hormonal control circuit and triggers immune system processes. The elasticity of connective tissue, tendons and ligaments increases, leading to improved mobility. Warmth alleviates pain and stimulates the circulation and the metabolism. The heat treatment is followed by a cooling of the body, triggering the regulation of the heart and blood circulation. These effects are already explained under Cold and warm water bath.

A useful complement in the healing of problems involving

The body’s heat balance, skin and sweat formation, airways, cardiovascular circulation.

With which diseases should bathing be avoided?

Post-operative swellings, lymph swellings, circulatory disorders of the arteries and inflammations. Heart patients and persons with high blood pressure should forego intense cold stimulation when cooling down (blood pressure peaks).

The procedure

A variety of methods are available to generate heat in the body. Either through temperature, air humidity or recommended length of stay. When choosing a bath or sauna visit, the vital factors are the age (decreasing responsivity with increasing age), sex (vegetative reactivity of vessels more pronounced in women), constitution (heat insulation of the skin layers), time of day (heat is better tolerated in the mornings) and thermal training condition .

Before the first sauna session, a warm foot bath is recommended, after which the skin should be towelled dry. The cardiac load is greater on the lowest level (with a resulting extended stay) for which reason it is advisable to lie on the second level. A suitably large towel is obligatory for hygiene reasons. An infusion now causes water to condense on the skin and triggers an additional heat stimulus. Stand up slowly before leaving the sauna in order to avoid fainting.

A sauna session should last 8 minutes in total with a maximum of 12 – 15 minutes. In the two-phase bath, this is followed by cooling with a cold shower and a spell in the open air (dry the body well beforehand). When showering, the shower jet should always be moved in the direction of the heart. It is advisable to follow this with a warm footbath because this supports the reactive blood flow after the cold stimulus. Should you continue to sweat, you may follow this with a repeat cold treatment. Thereafter cover your body and lie down for a while in one of the relaxation rooms.

The entire alternating sauna sequence may be repeated two or three times. Further repetitions provide no extra benefit and are extremely tiring.